Museum Arkeologi Onrust (Onrust Archaeology Museum)
Onrust Island was developed by the Dutch as a shipyard in the year 1615. Onrust in Dutch means unrest or restless. It had been as a military base camp too invade Jayakarta in 1619. Kapten James T. Cook before the discovery of Australia Continent stopped over at Onrust in 1770 to have his ship repaired. The development by the Dutch also to other islands near by such as Bidadari, Kelor and Cipir Island. These islands invaded by the British in 1800, 1806, 1810 and after the war, were neglected for years. Learning from the past, the Dutch decided to establish navy military defense system. In 1849, on each island, the Dutch built controller towers equipped with cannons. Besides to function as defensive and watch towers also functioning as shelters. Since 1876 this tower had not been functioning either as controller tower or for their defensive system, but as the storage up to the 1908 where it had been neglected. In 1911, Onrust island was functioning as jails and quarantine post for leprosy, also quarantine for pilgrimage. And when the war between Dutch and Germany in 1939,
this island had been functioning as an exile for prisoners.
Then it independent of Indonesia. And guard prisoners on the island of Onrust trickle find survivors. Island Onrustpun not Onrust (any) more. Meanwhile, the new name of Jakarta (Batavia), along with the influx of army troops Dai Nippon, starting felt so crowded. Migrants from the corners of the archipelago race entering the capital. At the same time, the newly independent nation only behind this spirit. Consequently, there is not much money to control the disease in Jakarta. Onrust return to be exploited once more. This time to isolate those who suffer from infectious diseases, gutter and street beggar (1960-1965). There is no record that on this island after people are isolation diseases, communicable and drifter it. Until then Ali Sadikin, whom was appointed by Bung Karno . at this time, declared Onrust island as one of the protected historic site.
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